India and the US aim to strengthen bilateral space sector cooperation, including human space flights. The two sides are exploring collaboration on astronaut training, crew rescue and other activities in human space flight during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s trip to the US. 

Under the India-US initiative on critical and emerging technologies (iCET) launched by the national security advisors of the two countries, the US government had earlier mentioned bolstering human space flight cooperation; identifying innovative approaches to collaborate in the commercial space, including through a joint working group; and identifying new talent and encouraging exchanges by expanding the professional engineer and scientist exchange programme. 

The space cooperation between the two countries is expected to help India’s Gaganyaan human space flight mission. Recently, India and the US set up a human space flight working group under iCET.